Published Books

Mycetoma Clinicopathological Monograph.
    Prof. Ahmed Hassan Fahal, MBBS, FRCS, MD, MS.

book

José Antonio Serrano
          Ángel Horacio Sandoval
          Blaine L. Beaman
          Click to download pdf Actinomicetoma

libro1[1]

1. EE Zijlstra, WWJ van de Sande, AH Fahal. Mycetoma, Editorial, PLoS NTD, DOI:10.1371/journal.pntd.0004244 January 21, 2016in press.

2. Hay RJ, Fahal AH. Mycetoma: an old and still neglected tropical disease. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2015; 109(3):169-70. doi:10.1093/trstmh/trv003.

3. Ahmed SA, van de Sande WW, Stevens DA, Fahal A, van Diepeningen AD, Menken SB, de Hoog GS. Revision of agents of black-grain eumycetoma in the order Pleosporales. Persoonia. 2014 Dec; 33:141-54. doi: 10.3767/003158514X684744. Epub 2014 Sep 16.

4. Nenoff P, van de Sande WW, Fahal AH, Reinel D, Schöfer H. Eumycetoma and actinomycetoma - an update on causative agents, epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnostics and therapy. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2015 Feb 27. doi: 10.1111/jdv.13008. [Epub ahead of print]

5. Ahmed SA, de Hoog GS, Stevens DA, Fahal AH, van de Sande WW. In vitro antifungal susceptibility of coelomycete agents of black grain eumycetoma to eight antifungals. Med Mycol. 2015; 53(3):295-301. doi: 10.1093/mmy/myu098. Epub 2015 Jan 28.

6. Ahmed SA, Kloezen W, Fahal AH, de Hoog GS, van de Sande WW. In Vitro Interaction of Currently Used Azoles with Terbinafine against Madurella mycetomatis. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2015 Feb; 59(2):1373-4. doi: 10.1128/AAC.04487-14.

7. Fahal A, Mahgoub ES, EL Hassan AM, Jacoub AO, Hassan D. Head and Neck Mycetoma: The Mycetoma Research Centre Experience. PLoS Negl Trop Dis (2015) 9(3): e0003587. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003587

8. Elfadil H, Fahal A, Kloezen W, Ahmed EM, van de Sande W. The In Vitro Antifungal Activity of Sudanese Medicinal Plants against Madurella mycetomatis, the Eumycetoma Major Causative Agent. PLoS Negl Trop Dis (2015) 9(3): e0003488. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003488

9. Fahal AH, EL Hassan AM, Mahgoub ES, Rahman ME, Mycetoma in the Sudan: The Mycetoma Research Centre Update.‎ PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 Mar 27; 9(3):e0003679. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003679. eCollection 2015 Mar.

10. Hala Taha, Ahmed Fahal, Wendy W. J. van de Sande. Mycetoma: Epidemiology, Treatment Challenges and Progress. Mycetoma: epidemiology, treatment challenges and progress. Res Rep Trop Med. 2015:6 31–36

11. Wendy WJ van de Sande, Marian ten Kate, Wim van Vianen, Ahmed Fahal, Irma Bakker-Woudenberg. Amphotericin B but not itraconazole is able to prevent grain formation in experimental M. mycetomatis mycetoma in mice. Br J Dermatol. 2015;173(6):1561-2. doi: 10.1111/bjd.14025. Epub 2015 Oct 23.

12. Kloezen W, van Helvert-van Poppel M, Fahal AH, van de Sande WWJ. A Madurella mycetomatis Grain Model in Galleria mellonella Larvae. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2015; 9(7): e0003926. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003926

13. Eshraga A. Ezaldeen, Raif Mohamed Ahmed, EL Sammani Wadella, Nadia EL Dawi, Ahmed Hassan Fahal. Actinomycetoma induced Cervical Spinal Cord Compression: A rare and serious complication. JMM Case Reports. 2015; DOI 10.1099/jmmcr.0.000074.

14. Ahmed SA, van de Sande WW, Desnos-Ollivier M, Fahal AH, Mhmoud NA, de Hoog GS. Application of Isothermal Amplification Techniques for the Identification of Madurella mycetomatis, the Prevalent Agent of Human Mycetoma. J Clin Microbiol. 2015 Aug 5. pii: JCM.01544-15. [Epub ahead of print]

15. Verwer PEB, Notenboom CC, Eadie K, Fahal AH, Verbrugh HA, van de Sande WWJ. A polymorphism in the chitotriosidase gene associated with risk of mycetoma due to Madurella mycetomatis - a retrospective study PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015 Sep 2;9(9):e0004061. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004061. eCollection 2015.

16. Zijlstra EE, van de Sande WW, Welsh O, Mahgoub ES, Goodfellow M, Fahal AH. Mycetoma. Lancet Infect Dis. 16. 1, 100–112, January 2016. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(15)00359-X

17. Fahal AH, Shaheen S‎. Jones DH. Orthopaedic Aspects of Mycetoma: Instructional Review. Bone Joint J 2014; 96-B: 420–5. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.96B3.31421.

18. Al Dawi AF, Mustafa MI, Fahal AH, EL Hassan AM, Bakhiet SM, Mahgoub ES, Mergani A, Mukhtar MM. The Association of HLA-DRB1 & HLA-DQB1 and the occurrence of Eumycetoma. Khartoum Med J – 2013; 6(3): 923 – 929

19. Geneugelij K, Kloezen W, Fahal AH, van de Sande WWJ. Active matrix metalloprotease-9 is associated with the collagen capsule surrounding the M. mycetomatis grain in mycetoma. PLoS Negl Trop Dis Published: March 27, 2014. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002754.

20. Wendy W. J. van de Sande, El Sheikh Maghoub, Ahmed H. Fahal, Michael Goodfellow, Oliverio Welsh, Ed Zijlstra. The Mycetoma Knowledge Gap: Identification of Research Priorities. PLoS Negl Trop Dis Published: March 27, 2014 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002667.

21. Fahal AH, Mahgoub ES, EL Hassan ESM, EL Tayeb E, EL Hassan AM. Eye Eumycetoma: The Mycetoma Research Centre, Sudan Case Series & Literature Review. Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice 6 June 2014, doi: 10.1097/IPC.0000000000000157.

22. Khamis AAG, Jacoub AO, Suleiman SH, Fahal AH, ‎Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Surgical Staff at Khartoum State ‎towards the Hepatitis B virus infection.‎ Khartoum Med J 2014;7(1): 932- 940.

23. Sarah Abdalla Ahmed, Wendy Kloezen, Frederick Duncanson, Ed Zijlstra, G. Sybren de Hoog, Ahmed H. Fahal, Wendy WJ van de Sande. Madurella mycetomatis is highly susceptible towards Ravuconazole. PLoS Negl Trop Dis June 19, 2014 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002942

24. Najwa A Mhmoud, Ahmed H Fahal, El Sheikh Mahgoub, Wendy W J van de ‎Sande. The combination of Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid and ketoconazole proved to be ‎effective and safe for treatment of Madurella mycetomatis eumycetoma patients ‎with secondary Staphylococcus aureus infection. PLoS Negl Trop Dis June 19, 2014 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002959.

25. Wendy W. J. van de Sande, Ahmed H. Fahal, Michael Goodfellow, El Sheikh Maghoub, Oliverio Welsh, Ed Zijlstra. The merits and pitfalls of the currently used diagnostic tools in mycetoma. PLoS Negl Trop Dis July 03, 2014 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002918

26. Ahmed SA, van de Sande WJ, Stevens DA , Fahal AH, van Diepeningen A, Menken SBJ, and de Hoog GS. Revision of agents of black-grain eumycetoma in the order Pleosporales. Persoonia 2014; 33: 141–154.

27. Samy AM, van de Sande WWJ, Fahal AH, Peterson AT Mapping the Potential Risk of Mycetoma Infection in Sudan and South Sudan Using Ecological Niche Modeling. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2014;8(10): e3250. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003250

28. Welsh O, Al-Abdely HM, Salinas-Carmona MC, Fahal AH (2014) Mycetoma Medical Therapy. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 8(10): e3218. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003218

29. Fahal A, Mahgoub el S, El Hassan AM, Abdel-Rahman ME, Alshambaty Y, Hashim A, Hago A, Zijlstra EE. A New Model for Management of Mycetoma in the Sudan. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2014; 8(10): e3271. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003271

30. Fahal AH. Mycetoma Comm Dermato J. 2014; 10: 15-17.

31. Swierstra J, Debets S, de Vogel C, Lemmens-den Toom N, Verkaik N, Ramdani-Bouguessa N, Jonkman MF, van Dijl JM, Fahal A, van Belkum A, van Wamel W. IgG4 subclass-specific responses to Staphylococcus aureus antigens shed new light on host-pathogen interaction. Infect Immun. 2014 Nov 17. pii: IAI.02286-14.

32. Ahmed SA, van den Ende BHGG, Fahal AH, van de Sande WWJ, de Hoog GS Rapid Identification of Black Grain Eumycetoma Causative Agents Using Rolling Circle Amplification. PLoS Negl Trop Dis 2014, 8(12): e3368. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003368

33. Kimberly Eadie, Ahmed Fahal, Wendy WJ van de Sande. In vitro activity of antiseptic solutions against M. mycetomatis, implications on eumycetoma management. Br J Dermatol. 2014 Nov 27. doi: 10.1111/bjd.13570. [Epub ahead of print]

34. Suleiman HK, Ibrahim OM, EL Hassan AM, Fahal AH. Fat Necrosis of the Breast: in diabetic patients. Khartoum Med J. 2014; 7:2, 1000 – 1004.

35. Ahmed AK Ahmed, SH Suleiman, Fahal AH Aggressive Uncontrolled Gluteal Eumycetoma Invading the Pelvic Cavity and ‎the Spinal Cord: Unusual Clinical Presentation. Khartoum Med J. 2014; 7(2): 1005 – 1007.

36. Fahal, AH, The Mycetoma Research Centre, University of Khartoum, Sudan: a success story that need support. IJSR. 2013 3(1): 1-13.

37. Ibrahim AI, EL Hassan AM, Fahal AH, van de Sande WW. Identification of the Black Pigment & Heavy Metals in M. mycetomatis Grains using Histo-Biochemical Techniques. PLoS One, published 06 Mar 2013, PLOS ONE10.1371/journal.pone.0057774.

38. Suleiman AM, Fahal AH. Oral cavity eumycetoma: a rare and unusual condition. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2013; 115(4): e23-5.

39. Ehab AM Elagab, Maowia M Mukhtar, Ahmed H Fahal, Wendy WJ van de Sande. Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells of Mycetoma Patients React Differently to Madurella mycetomatis Antigens than Healthy Endemic Controls. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013; 7(4): e2081. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002081. Print 2013 Apr.

40. Suleiman HS, EL Hassan LAM, Fahal AH. Long Standing Gluteal Mass: An Uncommon Presentation of Tuberculosis. Khartoum Med J 2013; 6(1): 864 – 867.

41. Osman AH, Ezaldeen EA, Ali BM, Jacoub AO, Suleiman SH, Fahal AH. Poor Infusion Therapy Knowledge among Young Doctors in Two Tertiary Teaching Hospitals in Khartoum State. Khartoum Med J 2013; 6(1): 854 – 858.

42. van Hellemond JJ, Vonk AG, de Vogel C, Koelewijn R, Vaessen N, Fahal AH, van Belkum A, van de Sande WW. Association of eumycetoma and schistosomiasis. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013 May 23;7(5):e2241. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002241. Print 2013 May

43. van Belkum A, Fahal A, van de Sande WW Mycetoma caused by Madurella mycetomatis: a completely neglected medico-social dilemma. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2013; 764:179-89.

44. Fahal AH, Elkhawad AO. Managing mycetoma: guidelines for best practice Expert ‎Rev Dermatol 2013; 8(3)‎: 301-307.

45. Al Dawi AF, Mustafa MI, Fahal AH, EL Hassan AM, Bakhiet SM, Mahgoub ES, Mergani A, Mukhtar MM. The Association of HLA-DRB1 & HLA-DQB1 and the occurrence of Eumycetoma. Khartoum Med J – 2013; 6(2):

46. GS de Hoog, S. Abdalla Ahmed, MJ Najafzadeh, DA Sutton, M. Saradeghi Keisari, AH Fahal, U. Eberhart, B. Stielow, GJ Verkley, Lian Xin, WWJ van de Sande. Phylogenetic findings suggest possible new habitat and routes of infection of human eumycetoma. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2013 May 16; 7(5):e2229. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0002229. Print 2013 May

47. Najwa A. Mhmoud, Ahmed H. Fahal, Wendy W. J. Van De Sande. The association between the interleukin-10 cytokine and CC chemokine ligand 5 polymorphismsand mycetoma granuloma formation. Med Mycol 2013, 51, 527–533.

48. Mhmoud N, Fahal A, Wendy van de Sande WJ. Polymorphisms of interleukin-10 and CCL5 Genes in Tuberculosis. Trop Med Int Health. 2013; 18(9): 1119-1127. doi:10.1111/tmi.12141

49. Ezaldeen EA, Fahal AH, Osman A. Mycetoma Herbal Treatment: The Mycetoma Research Centre, Sudan Experience. PLoS Negl Trop Dis (2013) 7(8): e2400. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0002400

50. Khamis, AAG, Ali BM, Jacoub AO, Suleiman SH, Fahal AH, Knowledge, Attitudes Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Surgical Staff at Khartoum State ‎towards the Hepatitis B virus infection.‎ Khartoum Med J – 2013; 6(2):

51. de Klerk N, de Vogel C, Fahal AH, van belkum A, van de Sande W. fructose-bisphosphate aldolase and pyruvate kinase, two novel immunogens in madurella mycetomatis. Med Mycol. 2012; 50(2):143-51.

52. Paul A Hoskisson, Ralph Kirby, Vartul Sangal, Nicholas P Tucker, Jolanta Zakrzewska-Czerwinska, Katarzyna Wierzbicka, Paul R Herron, Chun-Jong Chu, Dr. govind chandra, Ahmed Fahal, Michael Goodfellow. The draft genome sequence of the human pathogen Streptomyces somaliensis, a significant cause of actinomycetoma. J Bacteriol. 2012; 194(13):3544-5.

53. Zein HAM, Fahal AH, Mahgoub, ES, EL Hassan T, Abdel Rahman, ME, The Predictors of Cure, Amputation & Follow-up dropout among Mycetoma Patients as seen at The Mycetoma Research Centre, University of Khartoum. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2012; 106(11):639-44.

54. Mhmoud NA, Ahmed SA, Fahal AH, de Hoog GS, Gerrits van den Ende AH, van de Sande WW. Pleurostomophora ochracea, a novel agent of human eumycetoma with yellow grains. J Clin Microbiol. 2012; 50(9):2987-94

55. Mhmoud NA, Fahal AH, van de Sande WW. CD4+ T-lymphocytopenia in HIV-negative tuberculosis patients in Sudan. J Infect. 2012; 65(4):370-2.

56. de Hoog GS, van Diepeningen AD, Mahgoub el-S, van de Sande WW. New species of Madurella, causative agents of black-grain mycetoma. J Clin Microbiol. 2012; 50(3):988-94.

57. Fahal AH, Arbab MAR, EL Hassan AM. Aggressive Clinical Presentation of Mycetoma due to Actinomadura Pelletierii. Khartoum Med J. 2012; 5(1): 699-702.

58. Mohamed, EW, Suleiman HS, Fadella, AI, Fahal, AH. Aggressive Perineal and Pelvic Eumycetoma: An unusual and challenging problem to treat. Khartoum Med J. 2012; (5)2:771-774.

59. Wendy Kloezen, Jacques F. Meis, Ilse Curfs-Breuker, Ahmed Fahal, Wendy W. J. van de Sande. In vitro antifungal activity of isavuconazole to Madurella mycetomatis. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2012; 56(11):6054-6.

60. Mohamed EW, Mohamed, ENA, Yousif, BM, Fahal, AH. Tongue Actinomycetoma due to Actinomadura madurae: A rare clinical presentation. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2012; 70(11):e622-4.

61. EL Shamy, ME, Fahal AH, Shakir MY, Homedia MMA. New MRI Grading System for the Diagnosis and Management of Mycetoma. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2012; 106(12):738-42.

62. Fahal AH, van de Sandy, WW. The Epidemiology of mycetoma. Current Fungal Infection Reports. 2012; 6( 4): 320-326

63. Mhmoud NA, Fahal AH, van de Sande WW.The association between the interleukin-10 cytokine and CC chemokine ligand 5 polymorphisms and mycetoma granuloma formation. Med Mycol. 2012 Dec 4. [Epub ahead of print

64. Mohamed YH Abdelrahman, Mayson B Mustafa, Shahd A Osman, Hanadi Hassan, Ahmed Hassanain, Ahmed H. Fahal. Assessing information and communication technology in surgical training, Sudan as example. South Sudan Med J. 2012; 5(3): 66-68.

65. Fahal AH, Rahman I A, El-Hassan AM, EL Rahman ME, Zijlstra EE. The efficacy of itraconazole in the treatment of patients with eumycetoma due to Madurella mycetomatis. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2011; 105(3):127-32.

66. Alex van Belkum, Ahmed H. Fahal, Wendy W.J va n de Sande. In Vitro Susceptibility of Madurella Mycetomatis to Posaconazole and Terbinafine. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2011; 55(4):1771-3.

67. Fahal AH, EL Sheik H, El Hassan AM. Venous Varicosity in Mycetoma. Sudan Med J. 2011; 47(1): 20-24.

68. Fahal AH. Mycetoma. Review article, Khartoum Med J. 2011; 4(1): 514-523.

69. Abdelrahman MYH, Mustafa MB, Fahal AH. Educational technology in surgery. Sudan Med J 2010; 46(3):152-159.

70. Yousif BM, Fahal AH, Yahia MY. The Cell Block Technique: A New Diagnostic Tool for Mycetoma. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2010; 104(1):6-9.

71. Fahal AH, Abu Sabaa. AH. Mycetoma in Children. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2010; 104: 117–12. PMID: 19716573.

72. Fahal, AH. Management of mycetoma. Expert Rev Dermatol. 2010; 5(1), 87–93.

73. van de Sande WWJ, Fahal AH, Tavakol M, van Belkum A, Polymorphisms in catechol-O-methyltransferase and cytochrome p450 subfamily 19 genes predispose towards Madurella mycetomatis-induced mycetoma susceptibility. Med Mycol. 26.2.2010; 48(7):959-68. , PMID: 20184498

74. van de Sande WW, Fahal AH, Bakker-Woudenberg IA, van Belkum A. Madurella Mycetomatis is not susceptible to the Echinocandin class of antifungal agents. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2010 june, 54(6):2738-2740. PMID: 20350944

75. Abd El-Bagi MEB, Fahal AH. Mycetoma revisited. Incidence of various radiographic signs. Saudi Med J. 2009;30(4):529-33. PMID: 19370281.

76. Quintana ET, Wierzbicka K, Mackiewicz P, Osman A, Fahal AH, Hamid ME, Zakrzewska-Czerwinska J, Maldonado LA, Goodfellow M. Streptomyces sudanensis sp. nov., a new pathogen isolated from patients with actinomycetoma. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2008; 93(3):305-13. PMID: 18157699.

77. Dejan Stojković, Marina Soković, Ana Džamić, Mihailo Ristić, Ahmed Fahal Silvana Petrović, Ivana Djujić Sami Khalid. In vitro Susceptibility of Actinomadura madurae Clinical Isolates to Turpentine Oil of Pinus pinaster and α-Pinene. Arch. Biol. Sci., Belgrade. 2008; 60 (4): 697-701

78. van de Sande WW, Fahal A, Verbrugh H, van Belkum A. Polymorphisms in genes involved in innate immunity predispose toward mycetoma susceptibility. J Immunol. 2007; 179(5):3065-74. PMID: 17709521. [Download Free Article].

79. van de Sande WW, de Kat J, Coppens J, Ahmed AO, Fahal A, Verbrugh H, van Belkum A. Melanin biosynthesis in Madurella mycetomatis and its effect on susceptibility to itraconazole and ketoconazole. Microbes Infect. 2007; 9: 1114-1123. PMID: 17644456.

80. van de Sande WW, Fahal A, Verbrugh H, van Belkum A. Madurella mycetomatis compounds cross-reactive with galactomannan are detectable in culture supernatant but not in serum. J Med Microbiol. 2007; 56: 869-70. PMID: 17510278.

81. Ahmed AA, van de Sande WW, Fahal A, Bakker-Woudenberg I, Verbrugh H, van Belkum A. Management of mycetoma: major challenge in tropical mycoses with limited international recognition. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2007; 20(2):146-51. PMID: 17496572.

82. van de Sande WW, Fahal AH, Riley TV, Verbrugh H, van Belkum A. In vitro susceptibility of Madurella mycetomatis, prime agent of Madura foot, to tea tree oil and artemisinin. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2007; 59(3):553-5 PMID: 17324961. [Download Free Article].

83. Hussein A, Ahmed AEM, Fahal AH, Mahmoud A, Sidig A. Awad K, Ahmed EM. Cervical cord compression secondary to mycetoma infection. Sud J Pub Health. 2007; 2(2): 112-115.

84. EL Hassan AM, Fahal AH, Veress B. Cell phenotypes, immunoglobulins, and complement in lesion of eumycetoma caused by Madurella mycetomatis. Sud J Dermato 2006; 4 (1):2-5

85. Fahal AH. Mycetoma thorn on the flesh Review article. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2004; 98(1):3-11. Review.

86. Ahmed AO, van de Sande WW, van Vianen W, van Belkum A, Fahal AH, Verbrugh HA, Bakker-Woudenberg IA.In vitro susceptibilities of Madurella mycetomatis to itraconazole and amphotericin B assessed by a modified NCCLS method and a viability-based 2,3-Bis(2-methoxy-4-nitro-5- sulfophenyl)-5-[(phenylamino)carbonyl]-2H-tetrazolium hydroxide (XTT) assay. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2004; 48(7):2742-6. PMID: 15215141. [Download Free Article].

87. Ahmed AO, van Leeuwen W, Fahal A, van de Sande W, Verbrugh H, van Belkum A. Mycetoma caused by Madurella mycetomatis: a neglected infectious burden. Lancet Infect Dis. 2004; 4(9):566-74. Review. PMID: 15336224

88. Ahmed AOA, van Vianen W, ten Kate M, van de Sande WWJ, Van Belkum A, Fahal AH, Verbrugh HA, Bakker- Woudenberg IAJM. A murine model of Madurella mycetomatis eumycetoma. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol. 2003; 37: 29-36. PMID: 12770757. [Download Free Article].

89. Ahmed AOA, van de Sande W, Van Belkum A, Verbrugh HA, Fahal A H, van Belkum A. Madurella mycetomatis strains from mycetoma lesions in Sudanese patients are clonal. J Clin Microbiol. 2003; 41(10):4537-41 PMID: 14532179. [Download free article]

90. Abd Bagi ME, Fahal AH, Sheik HE, Abdul Wahab O, Taifoor MK, Osmanr EM. High incidence of pathological fracture in mycetoma. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2003; 97(5):582-4. PMID: 15307432

91. Ahmed AOA, Adelmann D, Fahal AH, Verbrugh HA, Van Belkum A, De Hoog S. Environmental occurrence of Madurella mycetomatis, major agent of human eumycetoma in Sudan. J Clin Microbiol. 2002 40(3): 1031-1036. PMID: 11880433. [Download Free Article]

92. EL Hassan AM, Fahal AH, Ahmed AO, Ismail A, Veress B. The immunopathology of actinomycetoma lesions caused by Streptomyces somaliensis. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2001: 95(1); 89-92. PMID: 11280076

93. Fahal AH. The management of mycetoma. Post-Grad -Caribbean. 2000;16(4):229-232.

94. Fahal AH, Hassan MA. Mycetoma. Br J Surg. 1992; 79(11): 1138-1141. PMID: 1467883.

95. Fahal AH, Suliman SH, Gadir AFA, EL Hag IA, EL Amin FI, Gumaa SA, Mahgoub ES. Abdominal wall mycetoma: an unusual presentation. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1994; 88(1):78-80. PMID: 8154012.

96. Fahal AH, Suliman SH. Clinical presentation of mycetoma. Sudan Med J. 1994; 32: 46-66.

97. Fahal AH, El Hassan AM, Abdelalla AO, Sheik HE, Cystic mycetoma: an unusual clinical presentation of Madurella mycetomatis. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1998; 92:6-67.

98. Fahal AH, EL Toum EA, EL Hassan AM, Gumaa SA, Mahgoub ES. A preliminary study on the ultrastructure of Actinomadura pelletieri and its host tissue reaction. J Med Vet Mycol. 1994; 32: 343-348. PMID: 7844700.

99. Fahal AH, Hassan MA, Sanhouri M. Surgical treatment of mycetoma. Sudan Med J. 1994; 32: 98-104.

100. Fahal AH, EL Toum EA, EL Hassan AM, Gumaa SA, Mahgoub ES. Host tissue reaction to Madurella mycetomatis: New classification. J Med Vet Mycol. 1995; 33: 15-17.

101. EL Hag IA, Fahal AH, Khalil EAG. Fine needle aspiration cytology of mycetoma. Acta Cytologica. 1996; 40(3): 461-46.

102. Fahal AH, Omer SM, El Razig SA, Ali ABE, Mahdi EMA, Mahgoub ES. Thyroid function in mycetoma patients. East Afr Med J. 1995; 72(7): 454-456. PMID: 7498029.

103. Fahal AH, Azziz KAA, Suliman SH, Galib HV, Mahgoub ES. Dual infection with mycetoma and tuberculosis. East Afr Med J. 1995; 72(11): 749-750. PMID: 8904072.

104. Mohamed ARO, Fahal AH, Venge V. Immunoglobulin and inflammatory markers profile in mycetoma. East Afr Med J. 1996; 73(4): 212 (Letter). PMID: 8698027.

105. Fahal AH, Yagi HI, EL Hassan AM. Mycetoma induced palatal deficiency and pharyngeal plexus dysfunction. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1996; 90: 676-677. PMID: 9015514

106. Fahal AH, Sheikh HE, EL Hassan AM. Pathological fracture in mycetoma. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1996; 90: 675-676. PMID: 9015513.

107. Fahal AH, Sharfi AR, Sheikh HE, EL Hassan AM. Mycetoma: Uncommon complication. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1996; 89: 550-552.

108. Fahal AH, Sadig ME, Suliman SH, EL Razig SA, Mahgoub ES. Lack of association between ABO blood groups and Rh factor and the tendency to develop mycetoma. East Afr Med J. 1996; 11: 769. (Letter). PMID: 8997873

109. Fahal, AH, EL Hag IA, Gadir AFA, EL Lider AR, Baraka OZ, EL Hassan AM. The blood supply and vasculature in mycetoma. J Med Vet Mycol. 1997; 35: 101-106. PMID: 9147269

110. Fahal AH, Sheikh HE, EL Lider MA, Homeida MA, EL Arabi YE, Mahgoub ES. Ultrasonic imaging in mycetoma. Br J Surg. 1997; 78: 765-766. PMID: 9278658

111. Ahmed AOA, Fahal AH, Abugroun EAM, Zijlstra E, Belkum A van, Verbrugh HA. Unexpected high prevelance of secondary bacterial infection in mycetoma. J Clin Microbiol. 1998; 36(3): 850-851.

112. Fahal AH, Sharfy ARA. Vulval mycetoma: a rare cause of bladder outlet obstruction. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1998; 92: 652-653. PMID: 10326112.

113. Ahmed AO, Mukhtar MM, Kools-Sijmons M, Fahal AH, de Hoog S, van den Ende BG, Zijstara, ED, Verburgh H, Abugroun ESA, EL Hassan AM, van Beklkum A. Development of a species-specific PCR RFLP procedure for the identification of Madurella mycetomatis. J Clin Microbiol. 1999; 37(10):3175-8. PMID: 10488173. [Download Free Article]

114. Contribution to Books, Guidelines & Newsletters

115. Fahal AH. Mycetoma in Williams, Bulstrode, O'Connell, Bailey and Love's Short Practice of Surgery 26E: 26th Edition, Oxford University Press, 2013, pp 64-68.

116. van Belkum A, Fahal, AH, van de Sande WW. Mycetoma by madurella mycetomatis: A completely neglected medico-social dilemma. In Hot Topics in Infection and Immunity in Children IX. Springer Science & Business Media New York 2012

117. van de Sande, WWJ, Fahal AH, de Hoog S, van Belkum A. Madurella. In D. Liu (ed.), Molecular detection of fungal pathogens. Taylor & Francis CRC Press, 2011, pp 958

118. Fahal, AH Mycetoma in Richard, Guerrant, Walker, Peter, Tropical Infectious Diseases: Principles, Pathogens and Practice. Third edition, Elsevier Publisher, 2011, chapter 83, pp. 565-568

119. Fahal AH, Mycetoma: Clinico-pathological Monograph, University of Khartoum Press. 2006.

120. Fahal AH, Actinomycetoma in Africa: in Serrano JA, Sandoval AH, Beaman BL. Actinomicetoma, Merida, Venezuela, 2006.

121. Hassan MA, Fahal AH. Mycetoma: in Tropical Surgery, Kamil R, Lumbly J, Westminster Publication LTD, 2004.

122. Fahal AH, Evidence Based Guidelines for the Management of Mycetoma Patients, 2001.

 

Electronic Publications

·     Virtual Patients Campus

 www. Mycetoma virtual patients campus

At the University of Khartoum website

 

 

   Other Publications on Mycetoma from the Sudan